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Sisse v. Moniz

United States District Court, D. Massachusetts

July 1, 2019

SAMBU SISSE, Petitioner,
v.
ANTONE MONIZ, Superintendent, Plymouth County House of Corrections, Respondent.

          ORDER

          WILLIAM G. YOUNG, DISTRICT JUGDE.

         On November 11, 2018, Sambu Sisse ("Sisse") filed a petition for writs of habeas corpus and mandamus. Pet. Writ Habeas Corpus Pursuant 28 U.S.C. § 2241 & Pet. Writ Mandamus Pursuant 28 U.S.C. § 1361 ("Pet."), ECF No. 1. Sisse asked this Court for orders: (1) prohibiting immigration authorities from removing him from the District of Massachusetts until the Court has resolved the petition; (2) releasing him from detention immediately or requiring a bond hearing; and (3) forbidding immigration authorities from removing him until he has received review of a motion to reopen that he filed in the immigration court system and exhausted his appeals. Id. at 15.

         The petition named as respondents Kirstjen Nielsen, then-Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security; Ronald D. Vitiello, then-Acting Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement; Todd Lyons, then-Boston Field Office Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement; Antone Moniz ("Moniz"), Superintendent, Plymouth County House of Corrections; and Joseph D. McDonald, Jr., Sheriff of Plymouth County. Id. at 1. This Court ordered Moniz served as the sole respondent and terminated the other parties from the action on November 14, 2018. Order ¶¶ 1-2, ECF No. 4.

         On November 28, 2018, Moniz moved to dismiss Sisse's original petition. Resp't's Mot. Dismiss Pet. Writ Habeas Corpus, ECF No. 7. On December 3, 2018, Sisse responded to Moniz's motion with an amended petition. Emergency First Am. Compl. Inj. & Decl. Relief/Emergency Mot. Amend Habeas Pet. Include Counts Inj./Decl. Relief ("Am. Pet."), ECF No. 10.[1] That same day, Sisse moved for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction to prevent his removal until the immigration courts have adjudicated his immigration case and to release him from detention in the meantime. Mot. TRO 2, ECF No. 11; Mot. Prelim. Inj. 2-3, ECF No. 12.

         On December 4, 2018, this Court transferred Sisse's case to the First Circuit because it determined that subject matter jurisdiction existed only in that court, ECF Nos. 13, 14. On January 10, 2019, the Board of Immigration Appeals declined to reopen Sisse's removal proceedings. Resp't's Opp'n Pet'r's Mots. Inj. & Emergency Relief “Opp'n"), Ex. 1, In re Sambu Sisse 4, ECF No. 26-1. The First Circuit ruled on April 29, 2019 that it lacked jurisdiction over Sisse's case and remanded it back to this Court to analyze its own jurisdiction and resolve the case. Judgment 1, ECF No. 16.

         On June 11, 2019, Moniz opposed Sisse's motions for injunctive relief. Opp'n, ECF No. 26. Sisse replied on June 12 and raised, for the first time, the possibility that he might fall into a class certified in another session of this Court and requested a stay of removal pending an 1-485 application. See Pet'r's Resp. Gov't's Opp'n 1, 5, ECF No. 27. The Court heard argument on the pending motions on June 13, 2019 and took them under advisement. Electronic Clerk's Notes, ECF No. 28. At the hearing, the Court orally granted Sisse's motion to amend his petition.[2]

         After careful consideration, the Court concludes that the claims that Sisse presents in his amended petition are moot. See Cruz v. Farquharson, 252 F.3d 530, 533 (1st Cir. 2001) P [A] case is moot when the issues presented are no longer live or when the parties lack a legally cognizable interest in the outcome - a case or controversy ceases to exist, and dismissal of the action is compulsory."); see also Manguriu v. Lynch, 794 F.3d 119, 121 (1st Cir. 2015) (ruling that a court may take notice of agency decisions to analyze mootness).[3]

         Sisse filed his habeas corpus petition in order to facilitate the Board of Immigration Appeals' review of his motion to reopen his removal order. Am. Pet. 13. According to Sisse, if the Board of Immigration Appeals agreed to reopen his case, he would become eligible for adjustment of status. Id. at 13-14. Yet the Board of Immigration Appeals has already considered Sisse's motion to reopen and rejected it. Opp'n, Ex. 1, In re Sambu Sisse 4. As a result, Sisse can no longer seek an adjustment of status. Cf. Am. Pet. 3 (citing 8 U.S.C. § 1255(a) (requiring admissibility to adjust immigration status)); see also 8 U.S.C. § 1182(a)(9)(B)(ii)(I) (rendering inadmissible immigrants, such as Sisse, who have "been unlawfully present in the United States for one year or more, and who again seek[] admission within 10 years of the date of such alien's departure or removal from the United States").

         Sisse has now received exactly what his amended petition requested: the complete adjudication of his immigration claims in the immigration system. The Court can do no more with the claims in his amended petition.[4]

         Therefore, the Court DENIES Sisse's motions for injunctive relief, ECF Nos. 11, 12, and GRANTS Moniz's motion to dismiss his petition, ECF No. 7. Further, the Court denies Sisse's requests for release now that his removal is "reasonably foreseeable." See Santos v. Cissna, Civ. A. No. 18-12232-WGY, 2019 WL 1745187, at *2 (D. Mass. Apr. 18, 2019) (quoting Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 688, 701 (2001)).

         Nevertheless, the Court stays entry of judgment in this case and orders that Sisse not be removed for thirty days so that he may seek inclusion in a class certified per Order ¶ 2, Calderon Jimenez v. McAleenan, Civ. A. No. 18-10225 (May 17, 2019) (Wolf, J.), ECF No. 253.

         SO ORDERED.

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