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Fegan v. Berryhill

United States District Court, D. Massachusetts

February 12, 2018

NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration



         Plaintiff Marc Fegan appeals from a final decision by the Acting Commissioner of Social Security (“the Commissioner”) upholding the ruling of an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) that rejected his application for Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits. Plaintiff contends that the ALJ erred by failing to evaluate his obesity in accordance with Social Security Ruling 02-1p.

         I. Background

         Plaintiff filed an application for disability benefits on September 30, 2013, alleging disability beginning on June 12, 2012. His claim was first denied on November 27, 2013, and again upon reconsideration on April 7, 2014. He thereupon requested a hearing, which was held on March 10, 2015. Plaintiff and a vocational expert appeared, but only plaintiff testified. At the instance of the ALJ, a supplemental hearing was held to include the opinions of a medical expert and vocational expert. At that hearing, on September 29, 2015, plaintiff again testified, as did both experts.

         A. Applicable Statutes and Regulations

         To receive Social Security disability benefits, a claimant must be unable “to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which . . . has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months.” 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(1)(A). The impairment must be “of such severity that he is not only unable to do his previous work but cannot, considering his age, education, and work experience, engage in any other kind of substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy.” Id. § 423(d)(2)(A); see also 20 C.F.R. § 404.1505(a).

         The ALJ analyzes whether a claimant is disabled using an established “five-step sequential evaluation process.” See 20 C.F.R.§ 404.1520(a)(4)(i)-(v). Under this framework, the ALJ first determines whether the claimant is currently engaging in substantial gainful work activity. If not, then at step two, the ALJ decides whether the claimant has a “severe” medical impairment or impairments, which means the impairment “significantly limits [the claimant's] physical or mental ability to do basic work activities, ” id. § 404.1520(c). If the claimant has a severe impairment or impairments, then the ALJ considers, third, whether such impairments meet or equal an entry in the Listing of Impairments, 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1, together with the duration requirement. If so, then the claimant is considered disabled and the analysis ends. If not, before moving to step four, the ALJ must determine the claimant's residual functional capacity (“RFC”), which is “the most [a claimant] can still do despite [his]

         limitations, ” Id. § 404.1545(a)(1). At step four, the ALJ determines whether the claimant's RFC allows him to perform his past relevant work. If the claimant has the RFC to perform his past relevant work, then he is not disabled. If the claimant does not, then the ALJ decides, at step five, whether the claimant can do other work in light of his RFC, age, education, and work experience. If the claimant can, he is not considered disabled; otherwise, he is. “Once the applicant has met his or her burden at Step 4 to show that he or she is unable to do past work due to the significant limitation, the Commissioner then has the burden at Step 5 of coming forward with evidence of specific jobs in the national economy that the applicant can still perform.” Seavey v. Barnhart, 276 F.3d 1, 5 (1st Cir. 2001); see also 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1512(b), 404.1560(c)(2).

         B. The Initial Rejection and the ALJ's Decision

         In his November 6, 2015 written decision, the ALJ ruled that plaintiff was not disabled under the Social Security Act through December 31, 2013, the date last insured (“DLI”).[1] He did find at the first step that plaintiff had not engaged in substantial gainful activity from his alleged onset date of June 12, 2012 through his DLI, and at the second step that plaintiff had two severe impairments through his DLI: lumbar degenerative disc disease causing back and leg pain, and obesity. See 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(c) (requirement of severe impairment). The ALJ nonetheless held at step three that plaintiff “did not have an impairment or combination of impairments that met or medically equaled the severity of one of the listed impairments in 20 CFR Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1.” R.[2] 15. Before moving to step four, the ALJ determined plaintiff's RFC:

After careful consideration of the entire record, I find that, through the date last insured, the claimant had the residual functional capacity to perform light work as defined in 20 CFR 404.1567(b) except he was only able to sit for two hours in the course of an 8-hour workday. He could occasionally stoop, crouch, kneel or crawl, and never climb ladders, ropes or scaffolds. He needed to avoid concentrated exposure to hazards such as operational control of moving machinery and unprotected heights.

Id. at 16. In making this determination, the ALJ did not find the plaintiff credible because “his allegations of pain and limitation are not supported by the medical evidence as a whole.” Id. at 27. Specifically, although plaintiff testified that steroid injections offered little relief for his back and leg pain, and that physical therapy made it worse, to his providers he had characterized the pain as “mild to moderate, ” with reported improvement from injections ranging from 60 to 100 percent. Id. at 25-26. The objective evidence, moreover, indicated a “normal gait and station . . . lumbar spine had no muscle spasms or tenderness, and full range of motion without pain. Strength, reflexes, and sensation were normal, ” and plaintiff was walking for an hour twice a week. Id. at 26.

         At the fourth step, the ALJ concluded based on the VE's testimony that all of plaintiff's past relevant work required medium to heavy exertion. R. 28. Because plaintiff's RFC limited him to light work, the ALJ determined that through the DLI plaintiff was unable to perform past relevant work. Id. At step five, again relying on the VE's testimony, he found that, “considering the claimant's age, education, work experience, and residual functional capacity, there were jobs that existed in significant numbers in the national economy that the claimant could have performed.” Id. The VE had testified that plaintiff would have been able to perform representative occupations such as parking lot attendant, laundry worker, and assembler of small parts - all light work jobs. Id. at 29. Accordingly, the ALJ concluded that the claimant was not disabled. Id.

         C. ...

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