Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Peaje Investments LLC v. Garcia-Padilla

United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit

January 11, 2017

PEAJE INVESTMENTS LLC, Movant, Appellant,
v.
ALEJANDRO GARCÍA-PADILLA ET AL., Respondents, Appellees. PEAJE INVESTMENTS LLC, Movant, Appellee,
v.
ALEJANDRO GARCÍA-PADILLA ET AL., Respondents, Appellees, FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BOARD, Movant, Appellant. ASSURED GUARANTY CORPORATION; ASSURED GUARANTY MUNICIPAL CORPORATION, Plaintiffs, Appellees,
v.
COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO ET AL., Defendants, Appellees, FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BOARD, Movant, Appellant. ALTAIR GLOBAL CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES FUND (A), LLC ET AL., Movants, Appellants, CLAREN ROAD CREDIT MASTER FUND, LTD. ET AL., Movants,
v.
ALEJANDRO GARCÍA-PADILLA, in his official capacity as the Governor of Puerto Rico, ET AL., Respondents, Appellees. PUERTO RICO FIXED INCOME FUND V, INC. ET AL., Movants, Appellees,
v.
ALEJANDRO GARCÍA-PADILLA, in his official capacity as the Governor of Puerto Rico, ET AL., Respondents, Appellees, FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BOARD, Movant, Appellant. BRIGADE LEVERAGED CAPITAL STRUCTURES FUND LTD. ET AL., Plaintiffs, Appellees,
v.
ALEJANDRO J. GARCÍA-PADILLA, in his official capacity as Governor of Puerto Rico, ET AL., Defendants, Appellees, GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT BANK OF PUERTO RICO, Defendant, FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BOARD, Movant, Appellant. NATIONAL PUBLIC FINANCE GUARANTEE CORPORATION, Plaintiff, Appellee,
v.
ALEJANDRO J. GARCÍA-PADILLA ET AL., Defendants, Appellees, FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BOARD, Movant, Appellant. US BANK TRUST NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, Plaintiff, Appellee, ALEJANDRO GARCÍA-PADILLA, in his official capacity as Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, ET AL., Defendants, Appellees, FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BOARD, Movant, Appellant. DIONISIO TRIGO-GONZALEZ ET AL., Plaintiffs, Appellees, CARMEN FELICIANO VARGAS ET AL., Plaintiffs,
v.
ALEJANDRO GARCÍA-PADILLA, in his official capacity as Governor of Puerto Rico, ET AL., Defendants, Appellees, FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BOARD, Movant, Appellant.

         APPEALS FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF PUERTO RICO [Hon. Francisco A. Besosa, U.S. District Judge]

          G. Eric Brunstad, Jr., with whom Allan S. Brilliant, Robert J. Jossen, Andrew C. Harmeyer, Dechert LLP, Dora L. Monserrate Peñagarícano, and Monserrate Simonet & Gierbolini, LLC were on brief, for Peaje Investments LLC.

          Erin E. Murphy, with whom Susan Marie Davies, Michael F. Williams, Peter A. Farrell, Matthew D. Rowen, Kirkland & Ellis LLP, and Margarita Luisa Mercado-Echegaray, Solicitor General of Puerto Rico, were on brief, for Alejandro García-Padilla, Juan C. Zaragoza-Gómez, Luis Cruz-Batista, and Carmen Villar-Prados.

          Michael Luskin, with whom Stephan E. Hornung and Luskin, Stern & Eisler LLP were on brief, for Financial Oversight and Management Board.

          Richard A. Chesley, with whom John M. Hillebrecht, Neal F. Kronley, and DLA Piper LLP (US) were on brief, for The Employees Retirement System of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

          Sparkle L. Sooknanan, with whom Beth Heifetz, Geoffrey S. Stewart, Bruce Bennett, Benjamin Rosenblum, Jones Day, Alfredo Fernández-Martínez, Delgado & Fernández, LLC, Arturo Díaz-Angueira, José C. Sánchez-Castro, Alicia I. Lavergne-Ramírez, Maraliz Vázquez-Marrero, Lopez Sanchez & Pirillo LLC, Glenn M. Kurtz, John K. Cunningham, Jason N. Zakia, and White & Case LLP were on brief, for Altair Global Credit Opportunities Fund (A), LLC, Glendon Opportunities Fund, LP, Nokota Capital Master Fund, L.P., Oaktree-Forrest Multi-Strategy, L.L.C. (Series B), Oaktree Opportunities Fund IX, L.P., Oaktree Opportunities Fund IX (Parallel 2), L.P., Oaktree Value Opportunities Fund, L.P., SV Credit, L.P., Claren Road Credit Master Fund, Ltd., Claren Road Credit Opportunities Master Fund, Ltd., and Ocher Rose, L.L.C.

          Before Howard, Chief Judge, Thompson and Kayatta, Circuit Judges.

          HOWARD, Chief Judge.

         These appeals involve the application of certain provisions of the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act ("PROMESA"), see 48 U.S.C. §§ 2101-2241, a statute enacted by Congress in June 2016 to address Puerto Rico's financial crisis. As relevant here, PROMESA provides for a temporary stay of debt-related litigation against the Puerto Rico government. See id. § 2194(a)-(b). But the statute does not leave creditors entirely without recourse during the presumptive pause. Rather, it allows them to move for relief from the stay and directs district courts to grant such relief "after notice and a hearing . . . for cause shown." Id. § 2194(e)(2). Because we conclude that Movant-Appellant Peaje Investments LLC ("Peaje") failed to set forth a legally sufficient claim of "cause" to lift the PROMESA stay, we affirm the district court's denial of its lift-stay motion. By contrast, the various appellants in Altair Global Credit Opportunities Fund (A), LLC v. García-Padilla (No. 16-2433) (the "Altair Movants" and, together with Peaje, the "Movants")[1] presented sufficient allegations to entitle them to a hearing. Accordingly, we vacate the district court's denial of their lift-stay motion and remand for the court to hold such a hearing.

         I.

         Peaje is the beneficial owner of certain bonds issued by the Puerto Rico Highways and Transportation Authority ("PRHTA"). The bonds are secured by a lien on toll revenues, among other things. In July 2016, Peaje initiated the instant action in district court by filing a motion to lift the PROMESA stay so that it could challenge the diversion of PRHTA toll revenues pledged as collateral for the bonds. Peaje alleged that, acting pursuant to the Puerto Rico Emergency Moratorium and Financial Rehabilitation Act ("Moratorium Act"), see 2016 P.R. Laws Act 21, the Puerto Rico government was diverting the toll revenues to other uses, thereby diminishing the value of Peaje's collateral.

         About two months later, the Altair Movants, holders of certain bonds issued by the Commonwealth's Employees Retirement System ("ERS"), filed a similar motion to lift the PROMESA stay. The Altair Movants claimed that the Commonwealth had suspended required transfers to the fiscal agent of employer contributions pledged as collateral for the bonds.

         PROMESA's stay of the commencement of certain actions until February 15, 2017, applies to the lawsuits the Movants seek to pursue. See 48 U.S.C. § 2194(d)(1)(A)(i). The stay may be extended until as late as April 17, 2017, if the district court determines that additional time is needed to complete a voluntary restructuring process, or to May 1 if the Financial Oversight and Management Board ("Board") makes a similar finding. See id. § 2194(d)(1)(B)-(C). The district court is directed to grant relief from the PROMESA stay "for cause shown" after "notice and a hearing." Id. § 2194(e)(2).

         After consolidating the actions, the district court scheduled a November 3 hearing on the motions to lift the PROMESA stay for cause. On the eve of the hearing, however, the court issued an order denying the lift-stay motions. In seeking to define the "cause" standard, the court looked to the Bankruptcy Code's automatic stay provision. The court held that "lack of adequate protection" for creditors constitutes cause for lifting the PROMESA stay, just as it does under the Bankruptcy Code. Turning to the Movants' specific claims, the court held that neither Peaje nor the Altair Movants lacked adequate protection. Because the toll revenues are "constantly replenished, " Peaje continued "to hold a security interest in a stable, recurring source of income that will eventually provide funds for the repayment of the PRHTA bonds." Similarly, the employer contributions in which ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.