United States District Court, D. Massachusetts
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
PATTI B. SARIS, CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
For the reasons set forth below, the Court denies plaintiff’s request for default (Docket No. 42). Plaintiff shall have 14 days from the date of this order to effect proper service on defendants G & M Court Reporters and Mary Piccirilli and to file a return of service with this court The Court will dismiss the amended complaint against defendants G & M Court Reporters and Mary Piccirilli for failure to file a return of service, unless the return is filed within two weeks.
Last year, pro se plaintiff Friedrich Lu (“Lu”) initiated this civil rights action against Governor Baker and two notaries public/court reporters. Lu’s original complaint named Lauren M. Mitchell, Michael O’Connor and Governor Baker as defendants and his amended complaint added as defendants the companies that employed the notaries public, including O’Connor’s employer G & M Court Reporters and its owner Mary Piccirilli. Last month, the claims against defendants Baker, Mitchell, O’Connor, Fuller and Jones & Fuller Reporting were dismissed. See Docket Nos. 32, 41.
By Order dated March 9, 2016, plaintiff was advised that he had not filed a return of service on defendants G & M Court Reporters and Mary Piccirilli. See Docket No. 34. Plaintiff was ordered to file a valid return of service as to these two defendants or show good cause why service has not been made. Id.
In response to the Court’s March 9, 2016 Order, Lu filed a reply and a request for default as to defendants G & M Court Reporters and Mary Piccirilli. See Docket Nos. 42-43. Lu did not file a return of service. See Docket.
In his reply, Lu simply states that defendants G & M Court Reporters and Mary Piccirilli have appeared in this matter and refers to the motion for default. See Docket No. 43.
In the motion for default Lu explains that he was served by mail with a copy of the defendants’ Answer. See Docket No. 43. As noted by Lu, on September 28, 2015, an attorney attempted to electronically file the defendants’ Answer. However, by letter dated October 8, 2015, the clerk returned the Answer because counsel was not admitted to practice in this Court. See Docket No. 29. Although counsel for the other defendants were cc’d on the clerk’s letter, Lu was not. Id. Lu states that he did not receive a notice of electronic filing of this letter and that he had not learned that the Answer was not, in fact, entered on the docket until March 25, 2016. See Docket No. 42.
The Court’s records show that on May 27, 2015, Lu sought default as to defendants O’Connor and Mitchell. See Docket No. 22. This request was premature because O’Connor subsequently filed a pro se answer and Mitchell, through counsel, moved to dismiss the complaint. See Docket Nos. 22, 23. Now, Lu argues that if he had learned that the Answer was never filed, he would have sought default sooner. See Docket No. 42.
It is the plaintiff's responsibility to either effect proper service, or follow the formalities for waiving service. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(c) (“The plaintiff is responsible for having the summons and complaint served within the time allowed”); Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(d) (providing specific instructions and requirements for waiving service of process).
Lu was ordered to demonstrate that he effected service on defendants G&M Court Reporters and/or Mary Piccirilli in a timely manner or show good cause why he has failed to do so. In response, Lu fails to provide any evidence to establish sufficient service of process. In fact, in citing Chute v. Walker, 281 F.3d 314, 319-320 (1st Cir. 2002), Lu mistakenly suggests that the court cannot look into sufficiency of process sua sponte.
Without submitting proof of service, Lu argues that defendants’ attempt to file an answer has the same effect as entering their appearance. Even if the court considers the fact that the defendants may have received actual notice of the suit, Lu’s reasoning is incorrect inasmuch as this is not a substitute for proper service.
Lu’s response completely fails to address or demonstrate adequate service on either G&M Court Reporters and/or Mary Piccirilli. Instead, Lu pursues default against the two remaining defendants despite the fact that he has not formally filed a return of service. Plaintiff cannot obtain default against defendants he has not properly served by asserting that the ...