United States District Court, D. Massachusetts
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER ON DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO DISMISS AND PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO STRIKE
F. DENNIS SAYLOR IV UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Plaintiff Andreas Ramon Melo instituted this action against defendants South Broadway Law Realty Trust and RMN Group, LLC to obtain injunctive relief pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. §12181, et seq. The complaint alleges that defendants own, lease, or operate Carleen’s Coffee Shoppe and Plaza at 209 South Broadway, Lawrence, Massachusetts, and that certain conditions on that property violate the ADA. Defendant South Broadway has moved to dismiss the complaint, and plaintiff has moved to strike the answer filed by defendant RMN Group, LLC. For the reasons set forth below, defendant’s motion to dismiss will be denied, and plaintiff’s motion to strike will be granted.
A. Factual Background
The facts are set forth as alleged in the complaint.
According to the complaint, Melo is disabled and uses a wheelchair for mobility purposes. He acts as a “tester” on behalf of other persons with disabilities to discover discrimination against the disabled in public accommodations. Melo tests reported barriers to access and, in some instances, proceeds with legal action seeking to enjoin such barriers on the ground that they constitute illegal discrimination against the disabled.
Melo alleges that he visited Carleen’s Coffee Shoppe and Plaza both for personal reasons and in his capacity as a tester. There, he allegedly encountered multiple violations of the ADA and the ADA’s Accessibility Guidelines (the “ADAAG”), 28 C.F.R. Part 36. The complaint sets forth an itemized list of 23 alleged violations. The allegations include insufficient and noncompliant accessible parking; lack of access aisles and routes; improperly sloped ramps and curbs; inaccessible doors, restrooms, and lavatories; noncompliant tables; a lack of hand rails and signage; obstructions in the floor space; and exposed supply lines and drain pipes. The complaint alleges that these physical barriers, conditions, or violations violate the ADA and ADAAG, and that a “remedy is readily achievable and can be accomplished and carried out without much difficulty or expense.” (Compl. ¶ 20).
B. Procedural Background
Melo filed his complaint on September 30, 2015. On October 27, 2015, defendant South Broadway moved to dismiss the entire complaint under Fed R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. On October 29, 2015, Ronald M. Noyes, the sole member and manager of defendant RMN Group, LLC, filed an answer on its behalf. Melo then moved on October 30, 2015, to strike the answer filed by defendant RMN on the ground that Noyes is not a lawyer and cannot represent RMN, which is a limited liability company.
A. Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss
On a motion to dismiss, the Court “must assume the truth of all well-plead[ed] facts and give plaintiff the benefit of all reasonable inferences therefrom.” Ruiz v. Bally Total Fitness Holding Corp., 496 F.3d 1, 5 (1st Cir. 2007) (citing Rogan v. Menino, 175 F.3d 75, 77 (1st Cir. 1999)). To survive a motion to dismiss, the complaint must state a claim that is plausible on its face. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). That is, “[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level . . . on the assumption that all the allegations in the complaint are true (even if doubtful in fact).” Id. at 555 (citations omitted). “The plausibility standard is not akin to a ‘probability requirement, ’ but it asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556).
The ADA provides that “[n]o individual shall be discriminated against on the basis of disability . . . by any person who owns, leases (or leases to), or operates a place of public accommodation.” 42 U.S.C. §12182(a). One form of discrimination prohibited by the ADA is
a failure to remove architectural barriers, and communication barriers that are structural in nature, in existing facilities, . . . where ...