United States District Court, D. Massachusetts
EUGENE J. WHITE and SHAWN M. ROY, Individually and on Behalf of all Others Similarly Situated, Plaintiffs,
JEROME A. CHASE, JR., as he is the Trustee Of Framingham Ford Defined Benefit Pension Plan Trust Agreement, Adopted in 2002 and Again in 2004, Defendant.
TIMOTHY S. HILLMAN DISTRICT JUDGE
Eugene J. White and Shawn M. Roy (“Plaintiffs”) have filed a First Amended Class Action Complaint (Docket No. 13)(“Amended Complaint”) against Jerome A. Chase, Jr. (“Defendant”), as Trustee of the Framingham Ford Defined Benefit Pension Plan Trust Agreement, Adopted in 2002 and Again in 2004 (“Plan”), alleging claims for: (1) Improper, Untimely and Inadequate Notice under ERISA Section 204(h), 29 U.S.C. § 1054(h)(“Section 1054(h)) (Count I), as the result of the Defendant terminating/amendment of the Plan without proper notice; (2) violation of ERISA Section 402, 29 U.S.C. § 1102 (“Section 1102”), as the result of Defendant implementing the Plan termination “without written Plan Document”; (3) breach of fiduciary duty, in violation of ERISA Section 404, 29 U.S.C. § 1104 (Count III); and (4) Intentional/Negligent Interference with Attainment of Benefits, in violation of ERISA Section 510, 29 U.S.C. § 1140 (Count IV). In the Amended Complaint Plaintiffs request that the Court: (1) declare that the Defendant’s termination of freezing of Plan benefits in 2007 violated ERISA notice and documentation provisions and constituted a breach of fiduciary duty; (2) declare that as a result of the Defendant’s failure to provide the proper ERISA notice and documentation, the freeze of benefits under and termination of the Plan was not effective, and will not become effective until Defendant complies with such requirements; (3) order Defendant to pay interest and attorneys’ fees and expenses to Plaintiffs; and (4) award such other equitable and remedial relief as deemed appropriate.
This matter was referred by this Court to Magistrate Judge Hennessy for ruling on Defendant’s Motion To Dismiss First Amended Complaint (Docket No. 15). Magistrate Judge Hennessy issued a Report and Recommendation, dated October 28, 2015 (“R&R”), which recommends that this Court grant the motion to dismiss as to Counts III and IV of the Amended Complaint, and deny the motion to dismiss as to Counts I and II of the Amended Complaint. The Plaintiffs did not file an objection to the R&R; the Defendant has filed an objection to the R&R to the extent that it recommends denying the motion to dismiss Counts I and II of the Amended Complaint. Plaintiffs did not file a reply to Defendant’s objection.
No objection having been filed, the Court accepts and adopts the R&R to the extent that it recommends that Counts III and IV of the Amended Complaint be dismissed. For the reasons set forth below, Defendant’s motion to dismiss Counts I and II is denied.
If a party objects to the recommendation of a magistrate judge, “the court must ‘make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.’ 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see also Fed.R.Civ.P. 72. As to all other matters, the court ‘may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge.’ 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see also Fed.R.Civ.P. 72. Kelly v. Cort Furniture, 717 F.Supp.2d 120, 123 (D.Mass. 2010).
The magistrate judge determined that Counts I and II, are, in essence, claims for benefits and therefore, governed by Massachusetts six year statute of limitations applicable to contract actions. He then determined that the statute of limitations did not begin to run until the cause of action accrued, which occurred either on November 30, 2013 (when the alleged repudiation of benefits occurred), or has yet to occur since the Plaintiffs have yet to apply for benefits and been denied. He found that under either scenario, these claims are timely. Defendant asserts that the Amended Complaint does not assert a claim for benefits or seek to recover benefits and therefore, the magistrate judge erroneously determined that these claims are akin to a breach of contract claim under Massachusetts law. Defendant argues that instead, in Counts I and II, Plaintiffs allege only that Defendant breached his fiduciary duty by: (1) violating Section 1054(h) by failing to provide them notice of changes to the Plan in 2007; and (2) improperly implementing the termination of the Plan, in violation of Section 1102. Defendant further argues that given that these claims are for breach of fiduciary duty they must be dismissed for the same reasons as Count III.
In their opposition to the Defendants’ motion to dismiss, the Plaintiffs cited to ERISA’s “Limitations of Action” provision, 29 U.S.C. §1113, referring to it as the “critical statute in question.” Pls’ Opp. To Def’s. Mot. To Dismiss Their First Amended Comp. (Docket No. 17), at pp. 1-2. Section 1113 provides:
No action may be commenced under this subchapter with respect to a fiduciary’s breach of any responsibility, duty or obligation under this part, or with respect to a violation of this part, after the earlier of-
(1) six years after (A) the date of the last action which constituted a party of the breach or violation, or (B) in the case of an omission the latest date on which the fiduciary could have cured the breach or violation, or
(2) three years after the earliest date on which the plaintiff had actual knowledge of the breach or violation,
Except that I the case of fraud or concealment, such action may be commenced not later than six years after the date of discovery of such breach or violation.
Plaintiffs argue that their claims are timely because the applicable statute of limitations was tolled by fraud or concealment and therefore, the statute of limitations did not start to run until November 30, 2013. At the conclusion of their opposition, Plaintiffs make a passing reference to a six year statute of limitations for contract claims and make a somewhat vague and undeveloped argument that a claim for benefits can be “inferred” from the facts asserted in the Amended Complaint. However, I do not read Counts I and II as asserting claims for benefits. Instead, they assert claims only for violation of Section 1054(h)’s notice requirement and Section 1102’s requirement of a written instrument. ...