United States District Court, D. Massachusetts
July 8, 2015
MILTON B. ADAMS, Plaintiff,
NEW ENGLAND SCAFFOLDING, INC., Defendant.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER ON MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT
F. DENNIS SAYLOR, IV, District Judge.
This is a negligence action arising out of a workplace injury. Plaintiff Milton B. Adams, while working as an employee of non-party Rockwood Corporation, fell from a height of approximately 39 feet off from scaffolding that had been at least partially constructed by defendant New England Scaffolding, Inc ("NES"). The complaint alleges that NES constructed the scaffolding in a negligent and unsafe manner and that Adams sustained severe neck and back injuries as a result of the fall. Jurisdiction is based on diversity, as Adams is a resident of Maine and NES is a Massachusetts corporation.
Defendant has moved for summary judgment. Because the Court finds multiple disputes as to material facts, the motion will be denied.
A. Factual Background
The following facts are undisputed unless otherwise noted.
In the fall of 2011, Rockwood Corporation was hired by the South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority to refurbish the Saltonstall Ridge Water Storage Tank in East Haven, Connecticut. (Def. SMF ¶ 1; Compl. ¶ 6). Rockwood contracted with defendant NES to erect certain scaffolding both inside and outside the water tank. (Id. ).
In October 2011, Milton B. Adams was working as a laborer on the water tank project for Rockwood. (Def. SMF ¶ 27; Compl. ¶¶ 5, 9). His specific job duties included removing paint from the exterior of the water tank. (Compl. ¶ 9).
On October 22, 2011, Adams ascended to the top level of the exterior scaffolding in order to perform his paint-removal duties. (Def. SMF. ¶ 15; Compl. ¶ 10). In order to do so, he used a temporary stairway that had been installed for the purposes of the project. (Def. SMF ¶ 21). Upon reaching the top level, he fell from a height of approximately forty feet to the ground below. (Def. SMF ¶¶ 23-24). According to the complaint, Adams suffered "severe neck and back injuries in the fall." (Compl. ¶ 12).
B. Procedural Background
Adams filed this lawsuit on October 17, 2013. On April 30, 2015, NES moved for summary judgment.
II. Legal Standard
The role of summary judgment is to "pierce the pleadings and to assess the proof in order to see whether there is a genuine need for trial." Mesnick v. General Elec. Co., 950 F.2d 816, 822 (1st Cir. 1991) (internal quotation marks omitted). Summary judgment is appropriate when the moving party shows that "there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). "Essentially, Rule 56 mandates the entry of summary judgment against a party who fails to make a showing sufficient to establish the existence of an element essential to that party's case, and on which that party will bear the burden of proof at trial.'" Coll v. PB Diagnostic Sys., 50 F.3d 1115, 1121 (1st Cir. 1995) (quoting Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986)). In making that determination, the court must view "the record in the light most favorable to the nonmovant, drawing reasonable inferences in his favor." Noonan v. Staples, Inc., 556 F.3d 20, 25 (1st Cir. 2009). When "a properly supported motion for summary judgment is made, the adverse party must set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.'" Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 250 (1986) (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(e)). The non-moving party may not simply "rest upon mere allegation or denials of his pleading, " but instead must "present affirmative evidence." Id. at 256-57.
In order to prove his negligence claim, Adams must prove that NES owed him a duty; that it breached that duty; that the breach caused his accident; and actual injury. Archambault v. Soneco/Northeastern, Inc., 287 Conn. 20, 32 (2008). NES contends that it owed Adams no duty and that none of its conduct caused his alleged injuries.
Without determining the ultimate merits of its contentions, the Court finds that NES has not met its burden to demonstrate that it is entitled to summary judgment. Numerous issues of disputed material fact appear on the record; among others, they include (1) whether NES knew or should have known that Rockwood would use the exterior scaffolding as a working platform; (2) whether Rockwood reasonably believed that NES would inform it of any safety-related restrictions that applied to the scaffolding; and (3) whether and to what extent Adams's own negligence contributed to his injuries. Those disputes are properly resolved by the finder of fact.
Accordingly, defendant's motion for summary judgment will be denied.
For the reasons set forth above, defendant's motion for summary judgment is DENIED.