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Soucy v. Commonwealth

Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts

March 6, 2015

DAVID SOUCY
v.
COMMONWEALTH.

William J. Barabino for the petitioner.

Elin H. Graydon, Assistant District Attorney, for the Commonwealth.

RESCRIPT

Soucy was indicted for trafficking in a class B substance in violation of G. L. c. 94C, § 32E. In moving to dismiss the indictments, he argued that because the charges concerned pharmaceutical drugs (oxycodone tablets), the weight requirements under § 32E should be measured by the weight of the controlled substance (oxycodone) contained in the tablets, not by the tablets' total weight, and that there was an insufficient amount of the controlled substance in the tablets to meet the statutory weight requirements. His motion was denied by a judge in the Superior Court. His G. L. c. 211, § 3, petition in the county court challenged that interlocutory ruling. The single justice denied relief without a hearing.

Under S.J.C. Rule 2:21, as amended, 434 Mass. 1301 (2001), Soucy is required to "set forth the reasons why review of the trial court decision cannot adequately be obtained on appeal from any final adverse judgment in the trial court or by other available means." He has not done so. If and when he is convicted on one or more of the indictments, any challenge to the weight requirements under § 32E or to the sufficiency of the evidence in support of those requirements can adequately be reviewed in the normal appellate process.

"The denial of a motion to dismiss in a criminal case is not appealable until after trial, and we have indicated many times that G. L. c. 211, § 3, may not be used to circumvent that rule. Unless a single justice decides the matter on the

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merits or reserves and reports it to the full court, neither of which occurred here, a defendant cannot receive review under G. L. c. 211, § 3, from the denial of his motion to dismiss." Jackson v. Commonwealth, 437 Mass. 1008, 1009 (2002), and cases cited. A very limited exception exists where, before a trial or a retrial, a defendant raises a double jeopardy claim of substantial merit. Id. See Neverson v. Commonwealth, 406 Mass. 174, 175-176 (1989). But we have consistently rejected attempts to obtain interlocutory review as a matter of right under G. L. c. 211, § 3, of denials of motions to dismiss on other bases that defendants have attempted to analogize to double jeopardy claims. See, e.g., Grand-Pierre v. Commonwealth, 461 Mass. 1003, 1004 (2011) (challenge to constitutionality of statute under which defendant was charged); Garden v. Commonwealth, 460 Mass. 1018, 1019 (2011) (statute of limitation claim); Fitzpatrick v. Commonwealth, 453 Mass. 1014, 1015 (2009) (jurisdictional claim); Bateman v. Commonwealth, 449 Mass. 1024, 1024-1025 (2007) (challenge to sufficiency of evidence before grand jury); Cousin v. Commonwealth, 442 Mass. 1046, 1046 (2004) (speedy trial claim); King v. Commonwealth, 442 Mass. 1043, 1044 (2004) (claim of preindictment delay); Jackson v. Commonwealth, supra (due process challenge to prosecution). See also 1 Appellate Practice in Massachusetts § 1.5.3, at 1-14 (Mass. Cont. Legal Educ. 3d ed. Supp. 2014) ("The exception is based on the unique nature of the guarantee not to be placed in jeopardy twice"). There is simply "no case in which we have held that a . . . claimant [in Soucy's position], like a double jeopardy claimant, is entitled to review pursuant to G. L. c. 211, § 3." Jackson v. Commonwealth, supra.

The single justice neither erred as a matter of law nor abused his discretion in denying the petition.

Judgment affirmed.

The case was submitted on the papers filed, accompanied by a memorandum of law.


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