United States District Court, D. Massachusetts
For Russell Toomajanian, Plaintiff: H. Charles Hambelton, LEAD ATTORNEY, Mark C. Preiss, Behman Hambelton LLP, Woburn , MA.
For Insight Global, Llc, Defendant: Kathleen E. Roblez, Schiff Hardin LLP, Washington , DC; Mark M. Whitney, Morgan, Brown & Joy, LLP, Boston , MA.
Richard G. Stearns, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.
Russell Toomajanian was employed by defendant Insight Global, a national information technology staffing company, from December 17, 2009, to early April of 2010. Toomajanian was admitted to the Lahey Clinic on Sunday, April 4, 2010, in acute need of medical care. He remained an inpatient at Lahey through April 8, 2010. While at Lahey, Toomajanian received a telephone call from Insight Global employee Lauren Parks. She informed him that " his employment with Insight Global was being terminated." Verified Compl. ¶ 5. During the call, Toomajanian asked Parks about the status of his employer-provided health insurance. Parks responded that his insurance would remain in place during his stay at Lahey and would be available, to the extent of the coverage, to pay the hospital and other medical costs.
Relying on Parks's assurances, Toomajanian decided to forgo paying for extended insurance coverage through COBRA or another insurance vehicle. Notwithstanding Parks's representations, Insight Global recorded Toomajanian's last day of employment as Friday, April 2, 2010, two days prior to his admission to Lahey. Toomajanian subsequently learned that his employee health insurance had also been cancelled that same day. Toomajanian as a result has been stuck with $13, 318 in unpaid medical bills.
Toomajanian filed a Verified Complaint against Insight Global in the state district court in Concord, Massachusetts, alleging promissory estoppel (Count I), violation of Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 93A, § § 2 and 9
(Count II), and breach of contract (Count III). Toomajanian bases his claims on Insight Global's " refusal to honor its promise."  Verified Complaint ¶ ¶ 17, 24. Insight Global filed a Notice of Removal on June 25, 2014, asserting federal question jurisdiction, more specifically, that Toomajanian's claims are preempted by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. § 1144(a). Insight Global then moved to dismiss the Verified Complaint, arguing that Toomajanian had failed to allege an exhaustion of his administrative remedies under Insight Global's ERISA Plan (Plan).
In response, Toomajanian moved for a remand to state court, arguing that ERISA was inapplicable as he " had not brought a lawsuit that alleges a plan was improperly administered, that involves an analysis of available coverage under a plan, or any other claim against a welfare benefit plan. . . . [and that the] dispute arises solely from conduct of his former employer." Pl.'s Mem. at 3 [Dkt. #12]. The court agreed, and on July 21, 2014, ordered the case remanded to the Concord District Court. The following day, Insight Global filed a motion asking the court to reconsider, contending that the First Circuit's decision in Carlo v. Reed Rolled Thread Die Co., 49 F.3d 790 (1st Cir. 1995), mandates exclusive federal jurisdiction (and therefore removal).
The gist of Toomajanian's Complaint is his associated claims of misrepresentation and promissory estoppel. " To sustain a claim of misrepresentation, a plaintiff must show a false statement of material fact made to induce the plaintiff to act, together with reliance on the false statement by the plaintiff to the plaintiff's detriment. . . . The speaker need not know 'that the statement is false if the truth is reasonably susceptible of actual knowledge, or otherwise expressed, if, through a modicum of diligence, accurate facts are available to the speaker.'" Zimmerman v. Kent, 31 Mass.App.Ct. 72, 77, 575 N.E.2d 70 (1991), quoting Acushnet Fed. Credit Union v. Roderick, 26 Mass.App.Ct. 604, 605, 530 N.E.2d 1243 (1988).
Here, Toomajanian is not looking to recover benefits allegedly due him under the ERISA Plan (nor could he as his losses were incurred after his being ejected by his employer from the Plan). The financial harm suffered by Toomajanian - his out-of-pocket medical bills - are neither defined by, nor limited to, the benefits he would have been entitled to under the Plan had he remained an employee. Rather, the losses of a victim of misrepresentation are measured under the relevant Massachusetts tort law by the financial harm caused by his reliance on the underlying misrepresentation. Cumis Ins. Soc'y, Inc. v. BJ's Wholesale Club, Inc., 455 Mass. 458, 472 n.22, 918 N.E.2d 36 (2009). In other words, the liability of Insight Global (if established) stems not from ERISA, but from its capacity as the employer of a tortfeasor. See Wilson v. Zoellner, 114 F.3d 713, 718 (8th Cir. 1997) (finding no preemption of a state-law claim of negligent ...